Significant demand for our products and services in offshore oil and gas applications drove a 57 per cent increase in the order intake to £1.5 billion, as the order book increased 28 per cent.
Revenue declined by three per cent, largely due to the phasing of OE delivery in the power generation business. Demand for aftermarket products and services continued to grow strongly, with an increase of ten per cent over 2010.
Profit fell by 11 per cent to £24 million as a result of a change in revenue mix and the additional charges incurred to develop the civil nuclear business and our options in tidal and fuel cells. This was despite the benefit of the non-recurring industrial Trent retrofit charges incurred in 2010.
50 RB211 gas turbine packages ordered for oil and gas applications
50 Bergen diesel engines ordered for land-based power applications
Service revenue up ten per cent, with 701 engines under long-term agreements
Achieved the prestigious ASME-N accreditation for UK nuclear manufacturing facilities
Completed acquisition of leading US Remote inspection services business, R. Brooks Associates
Signed a 14-year contract with EDF to supply I&C technologies for the world’s largest reactor modernisation project
|Order book £bn||0.9||1.3||1.3||1.2||1.5|
|Underlying revenue £m||558||755||1,028||1,233||1,199|
|Underlying OE revenue £m||269||385||558||691||602|
|Underlying service revenue £m||289||370||470||542||597|
|Underlying profit before||5||(2)||24||27||24|
Our energy business supplies customers with gas turbines, compressors, reciprocating engines, and related services to support the efficient production of oil and gas, and power generation around the world. We are establishing a strong position in the civil nuclear sector for the provision of mission-critical equipment, systems and engineering services.
The balanced nature of our portfolio has enabled us to deliver solid revenues of £1.2 billion, broadly in line with 2010. While the power generation sector in mature economies remains suppressed, due to excess generating capacity and low industrial demand, we continue to see growth in developing countries. The demand for oil and gas remains high, driven by a resilient oil price and global demand growth. In the second half of the year we secured significant oil and gas orders, increasing market share in the key Brazilian offshore market.
Oil and gas
In total, 50 RB211 packages were ordered during the year for oil and gas applications, 38 of which were for offshore.
The high price of oil continues to drive capital investment in the sector, particularly in deepwater exploration and production environments where the Group has technologies and expertise that are applicable. The business was awarded a new contract, valued at up to US$650 million to supply 32 RB211 gas turbine power generation packages and related services to Petrobras to support its long-term production activities offshore Brazil. This order increases the number of Rolls-Royce RB211-powered industrial gas turbine units installed in Brazil over the past ten years to 62.
In February 2011, we announced plans for the construction of a new purpose-built packaging, assembly and test facility in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The facility, expected to become operational in the first quarter of 2013, will strengthen our support of Petrobras’ exploration and production activities in the rapid growth pre-salt deepwater oil fields offshore Brazil.
In addition, we expanded our role in China’s gas pipeline industry with contracts to supply PetroChina, the largest oil and gas producer in China, with six RB211 gas turbine compressor packages for Line 2 of the West-East China Pipeline Project.
The power generation sector remains suppressed in the developed world, the traditional market for the Trent gas turbine, which resulted in three new Trent unit orders.
Demand for Bergen reciprocating engines remains strong, reflected by an order intake of 50 units, of which 30 are for Bangladesh to help address the country’s power shortfalls, bringing total Bergen engines orders in Bangladesh to 82.
Demand for aftermarket products and services again grew strongly, delivering revenue of £597 million, an increase of ten per cent over 2010. Including the land-based reciprocating engines, there are now a total of 701 units, or 35 per cent of the engine fleet, under long-term service agreements. In 2012, we will launch the RB211 Gzero, an aftermarket upgrade product for the RB211-G gas generator that increases power by a nominal ten per cent.
As with the marine business, our energy business will benefit from the acquisition of Tognum through our joint venture with Daimler. By combining our medium-speed diesel and gas Bergen engines business with Tognum’s high-speed reciprocating engines, we will create a world leading reciprocating engines offering in the energy industry, significantly enhancing our core product and systems portfolio and global network of sales and service facilities. This will benefit customers across high-growth applications, including offshore and shale gas fracturing, as well as primary, standby and rental land-based power generation. In January 2012, the ownership of Bergen Engines transferred from Rolls-Royce to Engine Holding GmbH, the 50/50 joint venture company formed with Daimler.
Rolls-Royce made significant progress in developing its nuclear business in 2011, securing the prestigious ASME-N stamp accreditation at our UK nuclear manufacturing facilities. Plans for a new UK civil manufacturing facility progressed throughout 2011 and the business received outline planning permission for a potential site in South Yorkshire.
Strategic relationships with reactor vendors and utility operators were further strengthened. An important cooperation agreement was signed with Areva in March 2011, to cover the manufacture of complex components for the first European Pressurised Water Reactors (PWR) to be built in the UK.
Enhanced MoUs were also signed with Nuclear Power Delivery UK and EDF, the world’s largest utility operator. Additionally, the business entered into a landmark agreement with Rosatom, the Russian state-owned nuclear company, for the development of global civil nuclear programmes.
As a key step in growing its reactor services business, Rolls-Royce completed the acquisition of US-based R. Brooks Associates, a world leader in remote visual inspection.
We signed a €250 million contract with EDF to supply instrumentation and control (I&C) technologies to the world’s largest reactor upgrade programme, being carried out in France. We also opened a dedicated I&C service centre to enhance our operations for customers in China.